Until a decade ago, cooking pizza was the prerogative of professionals. The first-generation domestic electric ovens that reach the temperatures necessary for baking cakes and cookies can also achieve good results for pizza but rarely live up to the appliances used in pizzerias. Today we are witnessing a kind of update with a not insignificant part of amateur pizzerias that thanks to the Web (with specialized forums and the great variety of information on kneading techniques) and the commercialization of professional flours has begun to make high pizzas level. The study of the techniques in the thematic forums and the wide availability of high-quality raw materials made this progress possible. Also, development in the field of cooking appliances with pizza ovens of better performance should not be overlooked.
The best pizza oven to cook like a pro in your home
Changing the oven in your home can be a bit stressful especially if it is an oven whose qualities and defects are already known. You will have to learn to use the new oven and replace the old one in the best possible way. Certainly, it is not easy to discover which is the best home oven for pizza among all those in the market but when analyzing the characteristics and properties of each model, the final choice will be less difficult. Kneading techniques and quality raw materials are necessary but not sufficient to make a good homemade pizza: an pupa oven is needed, which leads us to the question, which oven to choose?
Electric and gas home ovens
They are classic built-in ovens capable of cooking delicious pizzas as long as a few guidelines are followed to optimize cooking. Today, almost all electric furnaces reach 250 ° C with some models that, at least in theory, reach up to 300 ° C. The various functions for pizza, unless they significantly increase the temperature, do not help much. To cook pizzas, it takes a lot of static heat and therefore it is better not to use the fan that can dry the dough excessively during cooking. The best way to make a homemade pizza is to bake it on the tray: preheat the oven for up to 40 minutes, Put the tray directly on the oven floor where the temperature is higher than that of the cooking chamber and the metal of the floor will transmit the heat to the tray. Built-in gas ovens need precautions to cook pizza; The flame located at the bottom of the oven makes cooking difficult so place the tray on the lower shelf to prevent the pizza from burning underneath.
Portable electric pizza ovens
Known under the name of mini ovens, they were the first pizza ovens to enter the domestic oven market many years ago and remain popular among the unconditional pizza makers who do everything to trick them and improve the performance of these tools. These spherical mini ovens with an aluminum structure can exclusively cook round pizzas on refractory stone thanks to two resistors connected to a thermostat. They reach a temperature of 400 ° C and cook death pizzas. Very light, they can be easily moved and placed anywhere.
Do not confuse them with traditional built-in ovens because these domestic pizza ovens work with gas burners that reproduce the heat of the fire generated by the combustion of firewood. These gas ovens have the same structure as wood-fired and run with wood or gas with the help of a burner connected to the supply network or a cylinder. They also do not need evacuation ducts for indoor use such as in taverns or kitchens. The pizzas are so top-notch that you will find it difficult to distinguish a pizza cooked with gas and one with wood.
Semi-professional electric ovens for the house
They are tools aimed at the public of professional pizza enthusiasts, an increasingly widespread category. Buyers of this type of oven are hypermotivated amateur pizzerias that want to have high-performance appliances at their fingertips without the price of the electricity bill rising through the clouds. They are so deep that the built-in ones but the cooking chamber is smaller and lower and are specifically designed to cook pizza and focaccia. The base of the furnaces is made of refractory material and the devices can reach a temperature of 450 ° C thanks to the resistors controlled by two adjustable thermostats. Total, true miniature ovens that will stand out in the kitchen of a connoisseur and that they will perfectly cook any type of pizza. The downside is that the market for these products is almost exclusively online.
Wood burning ovens for the house
It is the sector that has had the highest growth during this last decade; manufacturers have realized that consumers want to have a small wood-fired oven to put in the garden or on the terrace and therefore they have developed compact, light and not so bulky ovens. The problem with refractory ovens has always been the warm-up time necessary to reach the right temperature. The pizzerias, of course, do not have this disadvantage since their ovens work for long hours and that once turned off, continue to maintain a temperature of about 200 ° C one day and another as well. But the pizza maker, say, once a week must preheat the oven well in advance to remove moisture and reach the cooking temperature. To solve this problem, some companies have created pizza ovens with a steel dome and a base in refractory material. Thus the metal structure heats up very quickly and absorbs less moisture than a traditional refractory oven.
Indirect firing wood ovens
These ovens have the cooking chamber separated from the combustion chamber; the wood burns in a watertight compartment and the heat passes to the cooking chamber whose base is made of refractory material. Although they work with wood, these devices are not up to pizza ovens but they are still a good solution for cooking pizzas “in teglia” or “alla pala”, two preparations that need a constant heat and not too strong. They require an evacuation duct and can be placed outside, on the terrace or in the garden for example.
To each his oven!
In conclusion, the choice of the pizza oven is the final part of a long buying decision process. Not everyone can afford expensive and sophisticated equipment such as those used in the professional field but when it comes to cooking appliances there are many brands and models of ovens for all tastes and needs. As mentioned before, in addition to the classic built-in ovens, the market offers a wide range of domestic ovens that can perfectly cook all kinds of pizza so it is difficult to find the ideal device especially if you no longer have very clear ideas. The choice of the oven surely depends on the type of pizza that the “white art” sorcerer wants to get but also on the place to put it, of its size and its intended use. It is clear that if the oven is used occasionally, the electric pizza oven will be the best solution. The nonplus ultra for pizzerias is still the wood oven but unfortunately only a few privileged can have it at home. Professional pizza enthusiasts who are crazy about details, programs, functions, and accessories will opt for a semi-professional oven. If you opt for round pizza, you will need a more powerful device capable of reaching very high temperatures and in this sense, the semi-professional domestic oven comes with pearls. The latest generation ovens have features that were unimaginable just a few years ago.